100 lideri spirituali din istorie

In articolul anterior cu 100 lideri spirituali in viata in 2019 ma intrebam cum arata o lista a liderilor spirituali care au modelat istoria de-a lungul timpului. Am revenit 🙂

Lista de mai jos este din cartea 100 Spiritual Leaders Who Shaped World History, Bluewood Books (2001), scrisa de Samuel Crompton.

Cei 100 de oameni cu influenta pe partea spiritual/religioasa nu sunt pusi in lista comparativ unii cu altii. Lista este in ordine cronologica dupa data nasterii.

Abraham c. 1800 B.C.
Akhenaten c. MID-1300s B.C.
Moses c. 1200 B.C.
Zoroaster 630-553 B.C.
Mahavira c. 599-527 B.C.
Lao-TZU c. 575-485 B.C.
The Buddha (Siddhartha Gautam) c. 563-483 B.C.
Confucius (Kung-Fu-TZU) c. 551-479 B.C.
Socrates c. 470-399 B.C.
Zeno c. 335-263 B.C.
Hillel c. 60 B. C.-A.D. 9
Mary, Mother of Jusus Christ c. 22 B. C.- A.D.?
Jesus Christ c. 4 B. C. -A.D. 29
St. Paul A.D. 5-67
Mani A.D. 216-C. 276
St. Helena c. A.D. 250-330
Arius c. A.D. 256-336
St. Augustine of Hippo A.D. 354-430
Nestorius c. A.D. 381-C. 451
St. Patrick c. A.D. 390-460
St. Benedict of Nursia c. A.D. 480-C. 550
St. Columba c. A.D. 521-597
Muhammad A.D. 570-632
Hsuan-Tsang c. A.D. 602-664
St. Boniface c. A.D. 675-754
Rabi’AH c. A.D. 730-801
Kukai A.D. 774-835
St. Methodius
St. Cyril
A.D. 815-885
c. A.D. 827-869
Naropa 1016-1100
Al-Ghazali 1058-1111
St. Bernard of Clairvaux 1090-1153
Hildegard of Bingen 1098-1179
Maimonides 1135-1204
St. Francis of Assisi c. 1181-1226
Dogen 1200-1253
Rumi (Jalal Al-DIN) 1207-1273
St. Thomas Aquinas c. 1225-1274
Moses De Leon c. 1240-1305
Meister Eckhart c. 1260-1327
Gregory Palamas c. 1296-1359
John Wycliffe c. 1320-1384
Julian of Norwich 1342-1416
Jan Hus c. 1369-1415
Joan of ARC 1412-1431
Kabir c. 1440-1518
Guru Nanak 1469-C. 1539
Bartolome De Las Casas 1474-1564
Martin Luther 1483-1546
Ulrich Zwingli 1484-1531
Thomas Cranmer 1489-1556
St. Ignatius of Loyola c. 1491-1556
William Tyndale c. 1494-1536
Conrad Grebel c. 1498-1526
St. Francis Xavier 1506-1552
John Calvin 1509-1564
St. Teresa of Avila 1515-1582
Hiawatha C.1500s
Isaac Luria 1534-1572
Sonam Gyatso, The Third Dalai Lama 1543-1588
St. Martin De Porres 1579-1639
Anne Hutchinson 1591-1643
George Fox 1624-1691
Emanuel Swedenborg 1688-1772
Baal Shem Tov (Besht) c. 1700-1760
John Wesley 1703-1791
George Whitefield 1714-1770
Elijah Ben Solomon 1720-1797
Moses Mendelssohn 1729-1786
Mother Ann Lee 1736-1784
St. Seraphim of Sarov 1759-1833
Innokentii Veniaminov 1797-1879
Joseph Smith 1805-1844
Baha’ Allah 1817-1892
Mary Baker Eddy 1821-1910
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky 1831-1891
Ramakrishna 1836-1886
Dwight Lyman Moody 1837-1899
Rudolf Steiner 1861-1925
Vivekananda 1863-1902
Mohandas Gandhi 1869-1948
Albert Schweitzer 1875-1965
Edgar Cayce 1877-1945
Martin Buber 1878-1965
Angelo Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) 1881-1963
Kahlil Gibran 1883-1931
Paul Tillich 1886-1965
William Griffith Wilson (Bill W.) 1895-1971
Dorothy Day 1897-1980
C. S. Lewis 1898-1963
Ruhollah Hendi (Ayatollah Khomeini) 1900-1989
Mother Teresa 1910-1997
L. Ron Hubbard 1911-1986
Thomas Merton 1915-1968
Alan Watts 1915-1973
Oscar Romero 1917-1980
Billy Graham 1918-
Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) 1920-
Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968
Desmond Tutu 1931-
Tenzin Gyatso, The Fourteenth Dalai Lama 1935-

sursa

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